It’s a sight you might have seen or even taken part in a million times; a dog with his head out the window of a moving car or sitting in the lap of the driver. But a new study from Subaru and the Center for Pet Safety, showed shocking crash test results of pet crates and carriers and also presented some of the most promising pet safety products.

Three products emerged as top performers; the Gunner Kennels G1 Intermediate was the top crate and both the PetEgo Forma Frame Jet Set Carrier and Sleepypod Mobile Pet Bed were the top carriers. These surpassed all competing products in the study, which included testing of crate connections and rigorous crash testing to examine crate and carrier structural integrity.

How hot it is for your dog in a car

It’s important for pet crates and carriers to contain the dog and prevent the animal from becoming a projectile in the event of a crash. It’s also important for the containment device to remain fully secured at the connection points. The dog can potentially strike and injure a human passenger if the pet is unrestrained or the structural integrity of a crate or carrier should fail.

“We recommend that owners choose the right sized crate for their dog, which is generally six inches longer than the body of the dog,” said Michael McHale, Subaru’s director of corporate communications. “We are proud to help lead the charge in identifying the best crates and carriers for pet lovers everywhere, while, more importantly, making pet parents aware of the safety measures they can take and the dangers that can occur if they don’t.”

While many crate and carrier manufacturers claim their products are crash-tested and safe for use in a vehicle, there are currently no test protocols or performance standards in the U.S. to substantiate these claims. The data gathered from these studies will assist the Center for Pet Safety in formulating these much needed crate and carrier testing and performance standards.

“We are eager to continue working to bring accountability to the pet products industry, while highlighting the products that will help improve safety for the entire family during their travels together,” said Lindsey Wolko, Founder and CEO of the Center for Pet Safety. “The 2015 studies were truly eye-opening and will once again bring pet safety awareness to millions of pet parents around the globe.”