Dog and Cat Training
Successful Training Key Tips
Be Consistent: Apply the same rules and words all the time.
Be Concise: Give your command just once. Repetition of commands teaches your dog to ignore them because it sounds like you don’t care if he obeys or not.
Be Generous: Reward your dog for being right. Give him a treat, verbal praise, or an ear massage.
Be Smart: Don’t give a command unless either you are confident that your dog understands and will respond to it correctly or you are in a position to help him get it right.
Be Prepared: Have a leash handy in case your dog does not come to you when you call him.
Be Happy: Because your dog is your friend and training partner, keep your voice upbeat and smile at him. Dogs are sensitive to our tone of voice and body language, so use both to let him know that you will be so happy when he does what you ask him.
Top Tips from the Pros
The best time to train is the “puppy spaz” hour—that time of day when he races around the house or yard for no apparent reason.
Keep a few clickers and treat bowls scattered around the house to make everyday training easier.
Once a new behavior has been learned, incorporate it into your daily routine.
Keep your training sessions short and fun! Have three or four training sessions each day, and keep them short—less than 15 minutes each session. If you find yourself getting frustrated, stop. Training should be fun for you and your dog.
A few short training repetitions can easily be snuck in before meals, at potty breaks, and other times throughout the day. It is easier for busy people to find a few minutes throughout the day to intentionally train than to find a big block of time daily.
Work with your dog outside a post office or in front of storefronts. This helps with a dog’s socialization skills, as well as attention. Dogs can practice the sit for introductions, the leave it, and watch me commands, and stay and heel exercises.
Be unpredictable! Dogs are pretty good at figuring out when you have treats and when you don’t. To be unpredictable, have treats when you don’t look like you do. Don’t always use a bait bag and/or use things like sealed jars of baby food hidden in your pocket.
Use training treats strategically. For behavior that your dog already knows (e.g., sit), use lower-value treats, like pieces of his kibble. When you want to encourage him to learn a new behavior, use higher-value treats. The reward should be commensurate with the difficulty of the task.
Be sure to reward your dog during periods when he is quiet and not performing any unacceptable behaviors. For example, if he is sitting quietly and not barking, this is a perfect opportunity to reward him with his favorite treat or a belly rub.
When choosing treats for training, keep in mind that they count as part of your dog’s diet—they add calories, and if your dog has dietary restrictions due to allergies or health issues, the treats shouldn’t violate those restrictions. Whatever you use, keep the pieces very small. The point is not to feed your dog but to reward him. Treats should be soft and easy to chew so that he doesn’t have to stop training to chew.
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Tips on How to Potty Train a Puppy
Cat Training Tips
The best time to train your cat is right before meal time, when your cat is most motivated by food.
Only train for short periods at a time (15 minutes max) or your cat may lose interest. As soon as she stops responding, stop training. It’s best to do several short training sessions several times day.
Don’t force your cat into training sessions by picking her up and taking her to her bed (or wherever you’d like to train her), as she won’t understand what’s being asked of her.
Only use training treats for training. If you give your cat a treat every time she paws you, you won’t be training your cat, she will be training you!
It’s important to remember that cats learn differently than dogs and have shorter attention spans, however, young cats tend to learn faster because of their age and pliable minds.
You won’t know what your cat is capable of learning until you try. Some people have been successful using clicker training on their feline friends.
Another way to train a cat is called targeting, which involved having a cat touch its nose to an object or “target” as it learns the behaviors you’d like it to exhibit. To try targeting training, start in a quiet room without distractions and hold the target an inch away from your cat’s nose. Your cat will want to sniff it, so the instant her nose touches the target, give her a treat. Repeat this process several times.
Don’t give up and keep the training sessions short, with maybe five to ten tries at a time.
It’s important to remember positive reinforcement, or rewarding your cat with a small treat when she does something you like. The goal is to get your cat to associate the good behavior with a reward and the treats you use should be something your cat really loves but doesn’t get often.
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